SAFETY FOR ALL EMPLOYEES, OSHA TRAINING
It is important to note that the spill of hazardous materials and chemicals can just happen anywhere. Even if there is only a small chance that it could occur in your facility, your employees should be trained on what to do in a hazardous spill situation. OSHA defines five levels of training in the Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response regulation.
Awareness for first responder.
The first level of training mainly involves those people that come to the factory but do not handle the chemical components. this level requires only four hours of training as the employees here are only taught the basics regarding handling chemicals. They are also taught how to recognize a hazmat emergency and who to contact.
Training for those responders involved in operation.
This level is for workers who have the job of keeping spills from spreading and to keep unauthorized personnel away from the spills. This level of training requires eight hours for it to be complete. They learn hazardous materials terms and risk assessment. Also they learn personal protective equipment use, simple control and containment operations and how to implement basic decontamination procedures.
Hazardous Materials Technician
At this level, the staff to be trained are those that actually get into the spill area and stop the spill from spreading. 24 hours of training is required in order to complete training in this level. Their training covers chemical and toxicological hazards and risk assessment techniques. They also learn use of field survey instruments to identify hazardous materials, spill control techniques, plug leaking containers and complex decontamination procedures.
Training the specialist.
the training done in this level is given to the specialist in this field on how to handle hazardous materials and how to communicate this with the relevant authorities. 24 hours of training ir required here where they are taught about the various types of hazardous materials in detail. Here, the specialists learn how to carry out decontamination and how to contain a spill as well as the various personal protective gears available and which one is the most appropriate and for what situation.
Training the Incident commander
Incident commanders receive the highest level of HAZMAT training as they are in charge of all cleanup operations. The amount of hours needed for training varies from facility to facility but they are required at least 24 hours of class training. They need to have intimate knowledge of state and local regulations and know how to implement the facilities emergency response plan. Incident commander is also required to be an expert in medical risks and decontamination.