The world today is estimated to consist of over one hundred thousand ethnic groups, and this is according to the latest data. These groups are classified in accordance with their cultural heritage, history, homeland, and beliefs.
There are the majority ethnic groups that enjoy a huge number and popularity and there are the minority ethnic groups. Today, we have other groups that are yet to be documented and classified according to the UN.
When comparing the minority ethnic groups today, Uyghur is one of these ethnic groups. Their origin can be traced back to Turkey even though they currently live in Central and East Asia. They reside in the People’s Republic of China primarily in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. They are considered to be one of the 55 nationally recognized minority ethnic group.
Even though the majority of the Uyghur people are in China, they can also be found in other countries. Kazakhstan is the second country that has a huge number of these people standing at 200,000 by 2010. Other numbers can be found in the Uzbekistan at 55,000 and Kyrgyzstan with over 49,000. Though their origin is Turkey, their number here is only 45,000.
They have small numbers spread across the world. Due to the language that they spoke, there was a time they were known as Turks.
By the 19th Century, this group was referred to be the most ancient ethnic group in the world. Their origin dates back to the 2nd century. The 15th century marks the time when the Uyghur name was lost but later on, in time it was reintroduced. People use this name to address the entire group rather than a specific group.
Ughurs might be among the minority ethnic groups, but they enjoy a huge and long history. They are also known as one of the groups that have stayed true to their beliefs as their ancestors.
Their economic activities involve farming, black smith, and baking in this region. However, there are those who are known for their pastoralist activities.
Their primary languages are the Chinese language and Uyghur. They widely practice Islam and are the followers of the Sunni Sect. The Uyghur people also have ties with the Turkic people, the Karluks, and the Tocharians people.
The Uyghur are said to have spread once their kingdoms failed. They Moved to China and formed the Ganzhou kingdom. There is a belief that the Uygur of today come from this kingdom.
The people of Uyghur have had an opportunity that other groups have failed of practicing their belief without external influences from other people.